Friday, July 19, 2024

Is Dragon Fruit Good for Diabetes?


Dragon fruit, additionally referred to as pitaya, is a brilliant tropical fruit with inexperienced scales that may are available varied shapes and colors. Whereas usually pink on the surface, the insides might vary from white to crimson, pink, or purple.

The yellow dragon fruit is the sweetest and hardest to seek out of those varieties. The crunchy texture and candy style of dragon fruit make it an incredible addition to smoothies or acai bowls.

Dragon fruit is a nutritious snack for these with diabetes. The pure sugars are curbed from inflicting any hurt by the fibre in dragon fruit that slows down their absorption into the bloodstream.

However are dragon fruits actually protected for folks with diabetes? Let’s discover out. 

Dietary Profile of Dragon fruit

Most fruits profit you in a method or one other, and so does dragon fruit. The very best a part of this tropical fruit is that it affords important vitamins whereas being low in energy.

A examine exhibits that dragon fruit flesh (pulp) is wealthy in phenolic compounds with excessive antioxidant capability. It is usually a wealthy supply of bioactive phytochemicals that may present good well being results.

Based on USDA, 100 grams of dragon fruit accommodates the next vitamins:

  • Energy: 57 energy
  • Protein: 0.36 g
  • Carbohydrates: 15.2 g
  • Fats: 0.14 g
  • Fibre: 3.1 g
  • Whole sugars: 9.75 g
  • Calcium: 9 mg
  • Potassium: 116 mg
  • Choline: 5.1 mg
  • Beta carotene: 14 mcg
  • Lutein + zeaxanthin: 44 mcg
  • Folate: 7 mcg

Branded and Packaged Dragon Fruit

Dragon fruit, which is available in varied branded varieties, will be present in frozen chunks, fruit chips, sorbet, fruit blends, and flavoured vitality drinks.

Nevertheless, these have various sugar ranges and energy, so folks with diabetes ought to be aware and go for contemporary, entire fruits. Furthermore, the processing and preservation may alter the glycemic index rating of the dragon fruit.

Based on USDA, 100 grams of a branded dragon fruit snack with sulphur dioxide as a preservative accommodates solely the next vitamins.

  • Energy: 264 energy
  • Protein: 3.57 g
  • Carbohydrates: 82.1 g
  • Fibre: 1.8 g
  • Whole sugars: 82.1 g
  • Calcium: 107 mg
  • Sodium: 39 mg
  • Vitamin C: 6.4 mg

Chances are you’ll examine this date with the dietary profile of the entire fruit to know the distinction higher.

The HealthifyMe Observe

Recent, entire dragon fruit is way more healthy than branded snack varieties. In its pure kind, dragon fruit accommodates solely 57 energy and 9.75 g of sugar per 100 g. Nevertheless, the identical sweetened, processed dragon fruit snacks include 264 energy and 82.1 g of sugar. Subsequently, folks with diabetes ought to all the time purchase entire dragon fruits to forestall blood sugar spikes. 

Glycemic Index of Dragon fruit

The glycemic index (GI) denotes how a portion of meals containing carbohydrates impacts your blood sugar stage post-consumption. Meals with a low to reasonable GI take longer to get absorbed and digested.

Subsequently, changing carbohydrates to glucose takes an extended time. In consequence, it helps cut back or forestall any dramatic affect on blood sugar ranges.

The GI scores are rated as follows:

  • Low GI: 55 or decrease
  • Medium: 56 – 69
  • Excessive: 70 and above

Dragon fruit has not but been assigned an actual GI, but it surely usually ranges from 48-52, making it a low GI fruit. So, consuming dragon fruit moderately won’t trigger on the spot or unhealthy spikes. As a substitute, the blood sugar ranges will rise slowly. It’s a vital profit for many individuals coping with diabetes.

Is Dragon Fruit Good for Diabetics?

Glucose Decreasing Impact

A examine says the betacyanin and antioxidant exercise of dragon fruit have a glucose-lowering impact. As well as, there was a extra important blood glucose discount with the next dose of dragon fruit extract.

Nevertheless, these results have been simpler in prediabetes. Subsequently, there’s a want for additional evaluation to know how helpful dragon fruit is for kind 2 diabetes.


Analysis additionally exhibits that the extracts from stems, flowers, peels, and pulps of dragon fruit have a variety of highly effective pure antioxidants and prebiotic potential. It will probably assist handle diabetes, weight problems, hyperlipidaemia, and most cancers.

Fibre Content material

The fibre in dragon fruit makes it a wonderful mid-morning or mid-afternoon snack for diabetes.

Research present {that a} meal plan with the correct amount of fibre may help decrease kind 2 diabetes danger. It’s as a result of fibre slows down sugar or carb absorption to maintain blood sugar ranges regular.

Sugar Content material

One serving of dragon fruit offers about 8-9 grams of sugar. It’s lower than many different tropical fruits. In addition to, a low GI rating of 48-52 is right for a diabetes administration weight loss program.

The above advantages make dragon fruit a low-calorie and nutrient-dense fruit for diabetes. Nevertheless, solely dragon fruit juices are available in most nations.

Typically these drinks might not even include the precise dragon fruit extract. As a substitute, they’ve added sugar and flavourings. Subsequently, it isn’t appropriate for diabetes and might spike blood sugar.

The HealthifyMe Observe

The low GI between 48-52, excessive fibre, and low sugar content material make dragon fruit good for diabetes. Nevertheless, dragon fruit juice has a excessive sugar quantity. Subsequently, it doesn’t have the identical anti-diabetic advantages as consuming entire dragon fruit. 

Dragon Fruit Advantages for Diabetic Sufferers

Certainly one of dragon fruit’s potential advantages for diabetes is the excessive vitamin C. It’s important for a sturdy immune system. Since folks with diabetes typically face compromised immune techniques, having vitamin C-rich fruit is an efficient alternative. As well as, the antioxidants beta-carotene and lycopene assist eye well being and battle irritation.

Dragon fruit can also be a great supply of prebiotic fibre. As well as, it helps the expansion of excellent intestine micro organism and prevents digestive misery. A wholesome intestine microbiome may help handle blood sugar ranges.

Based on the American Diabetes Affiliation, having a small piece of entire fruit, reminiscent of dragon fruit, is a wonderful complement to the meal.

The day by day suggestion for dragon fruit serving is round one cup. Nevertheless, every particular person exhibits a singular blood glucose response. Subsequently, you may discuss to a HealthifyMe nutritionist to know how a lot dragon fruit is fit for human consumption.


Your meals will have an effect on your blood sugar stage, and so will dragon fruit. Nevertheless, dragon fruit won’t trigger a fast sugar spike on account of its low GI rating and excessive fibre content material. Dragon fruit’s fibre retains your blood sugar ranges regular. In addition to that, it’s naturally a low-calorie fruit.

Available and packaged dragon fruits are broadly out there. Their availability is greater than the precise fruit. Nevertheless, contemporary fruit is best for blood sugar management than packaged ones.

Whereas dragon fruit is a useful diabetes-friendly fruit choice, you need to nonetheless devour it moderately. Discuss to a nutritionist at HealthifyMe to know concerning the wholesome portion dimension for you.,

Regularly Requested Questions (FAQs)

Q. Does dragon fruit increase blood sugar?

A. Consuming one medium-sized dragon fruit or a cup of dragon fruit won’t increase blood sugar ranges. This fruit additionally has a low GI rating. Moreover, it’s best to eat dragon fruit as a snack. Even so, folks with diabetes can not overeat it. Discuss to your physician to discover a serving dimension appropriate in your wants and situation.

Q. Can dragon fruit be eaten day by day?

A. Dragon fruit is low in energy and GI rating, making it an ideal on a regular basis snack. Nevertheless, eat it as soon as per day and less than that. Both eat dragon fruit within the mid-morning or as a night snack. Having stated that, it’s all the time higher to decide on completely different diabetic-friendly fruits than keep on with just one choice every day.

Q. Does dragon fruit include sugar?

A. Each fruit accommodates some quantity of pure sugar. Based on the USDA, 100 grams of dragon fruit accommodates 9.75 grams of complete sugar. One entire dragon fruit accommodates 7.31 g of sugar, and one cup has the very best, about 17.6 g. Nonetheless, dragon fruit has a low GI. Subsequently, its sugar doesn’t considerably affect blood sugar whenever you eat dragon fruit moderately.

Q. Is dragon fruit excessive in uric acid?

A. No, dragon fruit shouldn’t be excessive in uric acid. As a substitute, dragon fruit may help cut back the speed of uric acid within the blood. As well as, it’s an anti-inflammatory fruit that forestalls the unwanted side effects of an excessive amount of uric acid. Therefore, folks with gout and arthritis eat dragon fruit to cut back the signs like joint irritation and irritation.

Q. What ailments can dragon fruit remedy?

A. No single meals can remedy a illness. Nevertheless, some fruits may help forestall, handle, and cut back illness danger. For instance, antioxidants and vitamin C can deal with sunburn, dry pores and skin and pimples. It will probably additionally assist decrease blood sugar ranges in diabetic sufferers. Dragon fruit additionally boosts immunity and bone well being. Moreover, it helps to forestall eye issues reminiscent of cataracts and macular degeneration.

Q. Is dragon fruit good for the liver?

A. Some animal research counsel that dragon fruit might enhance liver well being. Nevertheless, there aren’t any concrete human medical research to show the identical. Nonetheless, you may drink unsweetened dragon fruit extract for those who endure from fatty liver.

Q. Who ought to keep away from consuming dragon fruit?

A. These allergic to dragon fruit ought to keep away from it. You must also be cautious of mixing dragon fruit with blood sugar-lowering diabetes medicines.

The Supporting Sources

1. Attar ŞH, Gündeşli MA, Urün I, et al. Dietary Evaluation of Purple-Purple and White-Fleshed Pitaya (Hylocereus) Species. Molecules. 2022;27(3):808. Printed 2022 Jan 26. doi:10.3390/molecules27030808

2. Knowledge by the US Division of Agriculture. Knowledge Sort: Survey (FNDDS) | Meals Class: Different fruits and fruit salads | FDC ID: 2344729 | Meals Code: 63116010

3. Knowledge by the US Division of Agriculture. Knowledge Sort: Branded | Meals Class: Healthful Snacks| FDC ID: 1871770

4. Poolsup, Nalinee et al. “Impact of dragon fruit on glycemic management in prediabetes and kind 2 diabetes: A scientific evaluate and meta-analysis.” PloS one vol. 12,9 e0184577. 8 Sep. 2017, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0184577

5. Luu, Hai & Le, Truc-Linh & Huynh, Nga & Quintela-Alonso, Pablo. (2021). Dragon fruit: A evaluate of well being advantages and vitamins and its sustainable growth underneath local weather modifications in Vietnam. Czech Journal of Meals Sciences. 39. 10.17221/139/2020-CJFS.


6. Martin O Weickert, Andreas FH Pfeiffer, Affect of Dietary Fibre Consumption on Insulin Resistance and the Prevention of Sort 2 Diabetes, The Journal of Diet, Quantity 148, Concern 1, January 2018, Pages 7–12

7. American Diabetes Affiliation: Fruit Serving Suggestion

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